Cadre parents and their entrepreneur children?The dual-track intergenerational reproduction of elites in China:1978–2010

This article documents and conceptualizes a mode of reproduction of elites in a society in transition from state domination to market orientation. By focusing on China’ marketization, we explore how parents’ advantageous backgrounds have influenced the chance of their children’s attainment of certain elite positions (administrative, technocratic, or market) and whether these patterns have varied across three periods (1978–1992, 1993–2002, and 2003–2010)…

Profile of the Super Rich in China: A Social Space Analysis

Various “rich lists” indicate that China now has one of the highest percentages of super rich people worldwide. However, very little is known about their sociopolitical profiles. Based on the annual Hurun China Rich Lists from 2000 to 2018, we created a new dataset of China’s super rich that combines information from various sources…

Introducing CES: A research team on Chinese Elite Studies

The team is co-chaired by Peng LU from the Institute of Sociology of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and Xiaoguang FAN from the Department of Sociology of Zhejiang University (ZJU). The team also conducts various collaborative researches with scholars from other institutions in China and abroad…

The Short‑Run Effect of a Local Fiscal Squeeze on Pollution Abatement Expenditures: Evidence from China’s VAT Pilot Program

Introduced in 2012, China’s value-added tax (VAT) pilot program gradually replaced business tax (BT) with VAT. It has created a large fiscal squeeze for the local government since 75% of VAT revenue goes to the central government. Employing a diference-in-diferences estimator with continuous treatment intensity, we find that this fiscal squeeze has a negative effect on pollution abatement expenditures…

Handbook on Class and Social Stratification in China – Chapter 13 & 14

There is no standard conception of ‘ruling class’ or ‘political elite’ in China studies. Even cadres in the villages have labeled as (political) ‘elite’ (O’Brien and Li 2000; Oi and Rozelle 2000; Manion 2009). Similarly, researchers use different criteria to divide cadres into ‘rankings’ for theoretical or practical purposes (Zhou 2000; Nee and Cao 2002)…

The selectivity and consequences of Chinese crisis management: Consolidated authoritarian capitalism as a new brand of political regime?

“Welcome to the People’s Republic of China,” declares a Chinese officer as he crisply salutes a flood of refugees from all over the world who fled to Tibet as their homes were destroyed by an end-of-time deluge. It is a line that thrilled thousands of Chinese filmgoers who  voted writer-director Roland Emmerich’s latest blockbuster “2012” the most popular Hollywood film in China…

The Horatio Alger Myth in China: Origins of the First Generation of Visibly Richest Chinese Private Entrepreneurs

This article traces the socioeconomic origins of the first generation of the visibly richest private entrepreneurs in China by analysing the roles of political background, family connections and culture capital. Based on a data set essentially reconstructed from two leading Chinese rich lists from 2003 to 2012, the author finds no clear evidence to support the hypothesis of “strong political capitalism”…